Hormonal Imbalance Symptoms

Endocrine Glands and Hormones

By Mahnoush Rodriguez
Videos by Dr. Dayna Monterrey, NMD
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Dayna Monterrey, NMD

Many men and women suffer from hormonal imbalance symptoms nowadays.

External factors such as modern lifestyle and diet, stress, environmental pollution, and toxins are few causes to blame for the rise of hormonal imbalances.

Balanced hormone system is vital to a healthy mind and body as well as disease prevention as we age.

We need to take proper actions to obtain and maintain our physical and emotional well-being. Knowing about causes and signs of hormone imbalances could be a good first step.

Important Note

DoctorsConvey does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website. Learn more

Hormones and Their Functions

VIDEO: Hormone Imbalance & Its Symptoms

Watch the full video by Dr. Dayna Monterrey, NMD

Hormones are chemical messengers that are produced by the endocrine glands.

They are secreted into the body fluid outside the cells (extracellular fluids) which is mostly blood. The blood carries the hormones throughout the body so that they can reach distant cells.

Each type of hormone usually affects certain cells in the body that are called target cells.

Target cells have receptors designed to receive a particular hormone. Similar to the way a key fits a lock, a hormone binds to the appropriate receptor on the surface or within the target cell.

When this binding takes place, the hormone transmits its message to the target cell. The message causes the target cell to react and take a particular action.

Hormones communicate between organs and tissues, and control and regulate bodily functions.

Hormones impact our growth and development, reproduction, metabolism, sexual, behavioral and emotional well-being.

In short, hormones are crucial to the way we feel, function and how we age.

A small amount of hormone can trigger a significant response in the body with a profound impact on our physical and psychological health.

So, it is essential to maintain a proper hormonal balance to avoid undesirable health consequences.

Causes of Hormonal Imbalance

Hormonal imbalance happens when there is a malfunction in the hormonal system. An imbalance can be an excess or deficiency of one or more hormones in the body.

When the amount of secreted hormone is not within the normal range, it can cause a wide variety of problems.

Since the hormonal system is interconnected, an imbalance in one of the hormones can negatively affect the entire system.

That is why it is essential to find the root cause of hormonal imbalance to prevent, treat or replace these hormones safely and effectively.

Hormone imbalance and fluctuations can also occur naturally as we age. It can happen during puberty, pregnancy and mid-life when men and women enter andropause or menopause.

However, imbalances can happen for other reasons such as an unbalanced lifestyle, poor diet, environmental toxins, and excessive stress.

Common Hormonal Imbalance Symptoms

The symptoms of hormonal imbalances can be quite vast and can vary based on the types of the glands and the hormones involved, age, gender and so on.

For example, symptoms of a thyroid imbalance can differ from the pineal gland, and signs of puberty vary from menopause.

Some of the most common signs and symptoms of hormonal imbalance include:

  • Sleep problems and Insomnia
  • Weight gain, weight loss, and decreased muscle mass
  • Depression, anxiety, mood swings and lack of motivation
  • Fatigue and feeling of low energy
  • Reduced libido
  • Foggy memory and memory loss
  • Joint pain
  • Hot flashes and night sweats

Always seek the diagnosis from a medical professional.

Symptoms mentioned in this article are commonly associated with this condition but can also appear in other health problems. So it is crucial you seek an accurate diagnosis from your doctor or other qualified health care professionals.

Endocrine Glands and Hormones

The endocrine system includes glands that secrete hormones.

Hormone imbalance occurs when one or more of these glands malfunction and produce too much or too little of an endocrine hormone.

The hormonal system is interconnected, and the signs and symptoms of different hormonal disorders can be similar and overlap.

Therefore, it is essential to find the underlying cause of the disorder before starting any treatment.

Symptoms of Endocrine Glands Hormonal Imbalance

Some of the common symptoms of hormonal imbalances for main hormone-producing glands include:

Pituitary Gland (Hypophysis)

The pituitary gland makes the hormones that stimulate growth.

As the “master gland,” it also influences and controls other hormone glands such as the adrenals, the ovaries, testicles and particularly the thyroid.

Pituitary gland disorders can affect growth, blood pressure and secretion of breast milk.

Pineal gland

The pineal gland produces melatonin that regulates sleep patterns. Melatonin deficiency can cause insomnia.

An overproduction of melatonin may lead to low blood pressure or hypotension.


The hypothalamus controls the pituitary hormones and regulates thyroid, adrenals, the ovaries, and testicles.

The body temperature, hunger, thirst, sex drive, and sleep are some of the characteristics that are controlled by hypothalamus hormones.


The thyroid gland which produces iodine-containing hormones primarily controls metabolism. It is essential for development, bone growth, and neural maturation.

Common symptoms of an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) are weight gain, fatigue, depression, and slow speech and movements.

Some of the common symptoms of overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) are nervousness, irritability, restlessness, palpitations, and increased perspiration.


Parathyroid glands control and regulate the amount of calcium in the body.

Excess or deficiency of parathyroid hormones can cause hyperparathyroidism and hypoparathyroidism respectively.

Common signs of hyperparathyroidism include muscle weakness and joint pain, fatigue and depression.

Common symptoms of hyperparathyroidism can be tingling, numbness or burning in lips, fingertips, and toes, muscle cramps and aches, and muscle twitching or spasms especially around the mouth.


The endocrine role of the pancreas is to control blood sugar and metabolism in the body.

The pancreas secretes hormones, most notably insulin, to reduce glucose levels in the blood and promote the storage of glucose to be used for energy.

Diabetes occurs if the pancreas does not make or use insulin properly.

Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes are unusual weight gain or loss, increased thirst and hunger, frequent urination and blurred vision.


The adrenal glands produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline, steroids aldosterone, and cortisol.

Excess or deficiency of each of these hormones can create a range of disorders and symptoms.

For example, some signs of overproduction of cortisol can be high blood pressure, muscle weakness, and osteoporosis.


Ovaries in women produce sex hormones including estrogen, testosterone, and progesterone.

Imbalance in any of these hormones can create a broad range of symptoms.

For example, high estrogen levels may cause bloating, irregular menstrual periods, tenderness and swelling in the breasts and reduction in sex drive.

Testicle (testis)

Testicles (testes) in men produce sex hormones mainly testosterone.

Low testosterone can lead to many symptoms such as a reduced desire for sex, weak erections, depression and memory problems.


As part of the lymphatic system, the thymus plays an essential role in the development of the immune system.

The thymus reaches its maximum size by the time of puberty and afterward shrinks in size.

Header Image Credit: [Wavebreak Media Ltd] © 123RF.com
Body Images Credit: [Designua] © 123RF.com

Share Your Thoughts​

I hope you found this article helpful.

Now it’s your turn!

Have you ever experienced a hormonal imbalance? What were your prominent symptoms?

How did it impact your daily life? What did you do about it?

Please share your thoughts below.



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Please note that the information compiled in this article is from a variety of sources and it may not be complete or timely. It does not cover all diseases, physical conditions, ailments or treatments. Always seek the advice of a doctor or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website. Learn more

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